STUDIES CONCERNING THE MECHANIZATION TECHNOLOGY OF MINIMAL TILLAGE IN MAIZE CULTURE PUBLISHEDRadu ILEA, Sorin BUNGESCU, Daniel POPA
Maize (Zea mays) is one of the most important crop plants, with multiple uses in human nutrition, animal feed and in the industry. High corn yields can be obtained by the use of high yield hybrids by using optimal technologies of cultivation of maize and of modern technology of mechanized works. Development of sustainable agriculture in Romania through the promotion of conservation technologies and, in particular, those with minimal tillage and sowing should be directly with the necessity for achieving yields of high quality, low cost and respecting the requirements relating to the preservation of soil fertility. In view of the current requirements for the development of a sustainable eco-agriculture, these technologies will require more and more in Europe, including in our country. The sowing of cereals is a particularly important work to be carried out at a time and with minimum expenses. This paper shows the optimal technology of mechanization of work in the growing of maize culture. The experience was located on land of Orțișoara, Timiş country. The climate is specific to the Banat’s Plain, more open to western winds and to the influence of the Mediterranean and Atlantic currents, which makes it moister. The paper is based on the experience gained in the area of mechanization by the agriculture of our country and other countries. In result of studies carried out are presented the findings concerning the consumption of fuel, and indices of the mechanized works in maize culture. In the context of an increase in demand for food worldwide, is becoming increasingly important use of technology to ensure that increases production on the same land area, while preserving biodiversity and preserving the environment.
tractors, fuel, minimal tillage, agricultural machines, economic indexes